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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98359 Find in a Library
Title: Explaining Violent Behavior
Author(s): N A Weiner; M E Wolfgang
Corporate Author: University of Pennsylvania
Ctr for Studies in Criminology and Criminal Law
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19174
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CX-0086
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review of research pertaining to the causes, development, and cessation of violent behavior focuses on biological hypotheses; psychiatric, psychoanalytical, and psychological formulations; and sociological and cultural perspectives.
Abstract: The discussion of biological research pertaining to violence considers genetic factors, which have been analyzed in animal research; family, twin, and adoption studies; and studies of chromosomal abnormalities. Other biological research reviewed considers antisocial behavior linked to the functioning of the autonomic nervous system and the central nervous system. Epileptic disorders and brain disorders are mentioned. Biological influences on aggression discussed are chemical substances in the body, diet, body structure, and complications during pregnancy and delivery. Psychoanalytic explanations of violence are discussed from the perspective of psychological forces that produce instrumental violence. Consideration of psychological theories applied to aggressive and violent behavior includes frustration-aggression hypotheses, social learning theory, and stress formulations. The use of personality assessments to identify violence-prone persons is briefly mentioned. The review of sociological approaches to the study of assaultive behavior considers subcultural perspectives, structural (strain) theories, and interactionist (situational) hypotheses. Fifty-three references are listed.
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Genetic influences on behavior; Literature reviews; Neurological disorders; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Psychological theories; Psychopaths; Sociological analyses; Studies of adopted children; Violence; Violence causes
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