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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98362 Find in a Library
Title: Police of Japan
Journal: Criminal Justice International  Volume:1  Issue:2  Dated:(Spring 1985)  Pages:5-10
Author(s): A Schembri
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 6
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This overview of the Japanese police and related topics covers police organization, recruitment, education and training, patrol, and supervision; gun control; drug abuse; organized crime; juvenile delinquency; victimless crime; crime prevention; and Japanese and United States comparisons.
Abstract: The number of sworn and civilian employees, the hierarchical organizational structure, the police bureaus, and the police ranks are described. It is noted that in Japan, officer accountability is emphasized, with supervisors being disciplined for their subordinate officers' failures. Concerning gun control policy, only specified public safety personnel are permitted to possess firearms. Juvenile delinquency is noted to be increasing in Japan, as are police efforts to prevent delinquency through informal contracts with juveniles and their families. Police national and local efforts at crime prevention are noted to include establishment of crime prevention associations in about 690,000 locations throughout the country. Japan and the United States are compared in terms of cultural influences on crime, the standardization of police training, lateral entry, police mobility, and supervision.
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Drug abuse; Foreign police; Gun Control; Japan; Juvenile crime patterns; Organized crime; Patrol; Police academy; Police education; Police in-service training; Police organizational structure; Police personnel; Police staff recruitment; Police supervision; Victimless crimes
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