skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 98392 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Delinquency and Corrections - The Gap Between Theory and Practice
Author(s): J O Finckenauer
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 249
Sponsoring Agency: Academic Press, Inc
San Diego, CA 92101-4495
Sale Source: Academic Press, Inc
Promotions Manager
525 B. Street
Suite 1900
San Diego, CA 92101-4495
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After reviewing the characteristics of delinquents and delinquency, this book discusses individual and sociocultural delinquency factors and their implications for corrections, community-based juvenile corrections, and case studies in juvenile correctional treatment.
Abstract: Characteristics of juvenile delinquency encompass its volume and seriousness; characteristics of juvenile delinquents include age, sex, race, social class, education, and family background. Theories of juvenile delinquency based on individual factors focus on biological causes, mental illness, learned deviant behaviors based on rewards, and the failure to develop moral judgment. Theories of delinquency based on sociocultural factors focus on deviancy learned through social conditioning, lack of attachment to normative role models, deviant subcultural values, few opportunities for normative achievement, and stigmatization by society. The book profiles programs that reflect individual and sociocultural theories of delinquency. It outlines the history of juvenile corrections and the theoretical base and practice of community-based juvenile corrections. Detailed case studies are presented of juvenile correctional treatment programs reflective of individual-factor and social-factor models. Guidelines for juvenile offender programs and suggestions for administering juvenile corrections conclude the book. Chapter notes and subject index.
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile delinquent demographic data; Juvenile treatment methods
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.