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NCJ Number: 98393 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Accuracy and Utility of Polygraph Testing
Author(s): Anonymous
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 143
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An analysis of the scientific literature on the accuracy of the polygraph, with supporting information on use and utility as prepared by the Department of Defense, is presented.
Abstract: Information on polygraph use in the Federal Government, particularly the Department of Defense, focuses on the number of examiners and annual polygraph utilization by Federal agencies. The polygraph as an aid in criminal investigation and exculpatory examination is discussed; data and examples on criminal conduct revealed during screening examinations are presented. The history of the use of polygraph examinations in intelligence, counterintelligence and security is included; specific examples of polygraph examination revealing espionage are cited. A survey of the history of traditional polygraph methods from 1953 to 1983 looks at testing techniques, such as zone comparison, modified general question, relevant/irrelevant association, and peak of tension method. Also reviewed are (1) Research on polygraph criterion validity and reliability based on laboratory and field studies, (2) studies investigating the relationship between the examiner's decision and the criteria of truth and deception, and (3) studies investigating the relationship between the decision of a blind examiner and actual truth or deception using verified polygraph cases. A discussion of problems and issues involved in lie detection finds evidence suggesting that control question tests may be more accurate in detecting the deception of the guilty person than in verifying the truthfulness of the< innocent person. Research studies to determine the validity and reliability of the polygraph in a field setting are also summarized. Tabular data and 38 references are provided
Index Term(s): Data integrity; Mandatory polygraph screening; Polygraph reliability; Polygraph techniques; Polygraph training; Polygraphs
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