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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98397 Find in a Library
Title: Decarceration - Community Treatment and the Deviant - A Radical View, Second Edition
Author(s): A T Scull
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 223
Sponsoring Agency: Rutgers University Press
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8099
Sale Source: Rutgers University Press
100 Joyce Kilmer Avenue
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8099
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book on decarceration focuses on the State-sponsored policy of closing down asylums, prisons, and reformatories and rehabilitating the institutionalized through community-based treatment.
Abstract: The effects of decarceration on criminals, delinquents, and the insane are considered from the point of view that 'community treatment' actually represents the abandonment of institutional controls. The first part of the book examines, in individual chapters, deviance and the dynamics of control, the relationship between capitalism and modern social control apparatus, and the significance of decarceration on criminals, delinquents, and the institutionalized mentally ill. Part 2 focuses on the limitations and inadequacies of conventional explanations for decarceration. Due to the introduction of tranquilizing and psychoactive drugs, many of the institutionalized mentally ill patients have been released into communities. While the introduction of psychotropic drugs may have facilitated the policy of early discharge by reducing the incidence of florid symptoms, other problems relating to the release of the patients into the community have emerged. In this context, social science and social policy are critiqued for not providing what had been considered humane treatment of the decarcerated. Part 3 focuses on the structural sources of the failure of the 19 century decarceration movement. An alternative account for the 'supposed' success of the decarceration movement is presented. In the afterword to the second edition the author argues for a reexamination of the decarceration programs. Tabular data and 418 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Deinstitutionalization; Emotionally disturbed persons; Halfway houses; Mental disorders; Mental health services; Persons with cognitive disabilities
Note: Crime, Law and Deviance.
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