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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98399 Find in a Library
Title: Capital Punishment 1984
Author(s): L A Greenfeld; G Hinners
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Statistics on prisoners under sentence of death during 1984 accompany summaries of the year's legislation and U.S. Supreme Court decisions on the subject.
Abstract: At the end of the year, 1,405 prisoners were under sentence of death, and 21 had been executed. All these prisoners were convicted of murder. Seventeen were female; two-thirds had a prior felony conviction. Nearly 63 percent were held by States in the south, 21 percent by western States, 12 percent by north central States, and 4 percent by northeastern States. U.S. Supreme Court decisions struck down State law requiring the death penalty for specified crimes and established that a State need not require a review of each sentence for its proportionality with comparable cases. It also held that jurors could be excused if the trial judge deemed their views on the death penalty as preventing or impairing the performance of their duties. At yearend, 37 States and the Federal Government had laws authorizing the death penalty. New York and Massachusetts struck down the death penalty through court decisions. Nine States changed their existing death penalty laws. Eight States provided for more than one method of execution. Twenty-one States specified a minimum age for imposing the death penalty. Data tables on the criminal histories of those under sentence of death, State-by-State profiles, footnotes, and an appendix discussing race and capital punishment.
Main Term(s): Death row inmates
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; State laws; US Supreme Court decisions
Note: Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin
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