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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98507 Find in a Library
Title: Predicting Adolescent Violence (From Aggressive Adolescent, P 151-165, 1984, Charles R Keith, ed. - See NCJ-98503)
Author(s): R B Fisher
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Free Press
New York, NY 10020
Sale Source: Free Press
Promotion Manager
Scholarly and Reference Division
1230 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10020
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A discussion of the controversy over the validity and desirability of efforts to predict violence in individual adolescents accompanies a description of the clinical, statistical, and situational information that should be used in the prediction process.
Abstract: Although some view predictions of dangerous behavior to be impossible or inappropriate, these predictions are often made. Although it is currently impossible to make accurate predictions, they carry major implications for the adolescent and for society. Nevertheless, several types of factors have been found to be the most objective and rational in making these decisions. Clinical decisions currently dominate the law. Personality factors and motivational concerns are the most significant of the clinical factors. Research has also focused on the way that clinicians go about the prediction process. The use of statistical information is controversial, although it can enhance the clinical decisionmaking process. The most important factors in statistical prediction of violence are past violence, age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, and alcohol and drug abuse. Particularly important situational factors are the family environment, the peer environment, the job or school environment, availability of victims, availability of weapons, and availability of drugs or alcohol. These environmental variables may have a stronger role in future predictions. For prediction models and practices to become more effective, the linkages between the legal and mental health professionals making the decisions need to improve. Twenty-three references are supplied.
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Aggression; Criminality prediction; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Violence
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