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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98509 Find in a Library
Title: Individual Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis With the Aggressive Adolescent - A Historical Review (From Aggressive Adolescent, P 191-208, 1984, Charles R Keith, ed. - See NCJ-98503)
Author(s): C R Keith
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Free Press
New York, NY 10020
Sale Source: Free Press
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Scholarly and Reference Division
1230 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10020
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A historical review of psychotherapeutic treatment of the aggressive delinquent from the early years of this century notes the increasing sophistication of the field and the importance of individual case studies to the development of theoretical understanding of these violent youths.
Abstract: The reforms at the turn of the century that represented increased consciousness of the social, educational, and legal needs of children and adolescents led to the founding of the Juvenile Psychopathic Institute in Chicago in 1909. In 1915, Healy published a landmark work, 'The Individual Delinquent,' which documented in detail the disorganized, traumatic family background, educational and physical handicaps, and 'warped' attitudes characterizing adolescent delinquents. In the 1920's Healy and Aichhorn were focusing on the use of psychoanalysis for delinquent youth. Efforts expanded in subsequent years, although at least one project, the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study, did not actually provide psychotherapy. Glover, Klein, Friedlander, and Anna Freud were all major contributors to this evolving field during this period. Individual case reports from Crocker, and Eckstein and Friedman provided detailed accounts of therapeutic technique. During and since the 1950's, increasingly sophisticated studies have been published. Rinsley and Masterson made major contributions to the understanding of borderline adolescents with borderline character pathology. The need for inpatient treatment for more severely disturbed adolescents, the acting-out mechanism as a critical component in each violent adolescent, and the beneficial effects of treatment for many adolescents have been some of the common themes in the literature. Three notes and 54 references are listed.
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Aggression; History of juvenile justice; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Psychotherapy
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