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NCJ Number: 98545 Find in a Library
Title: Privatization of Criminal Justice (From Proceedings of the 29th Annual Southern Conference on Corrections, P 111-124, 1984 - See NCJ-98537)
Author(s): L A Wollan
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 14
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper identifies 22 criminal justice functions that have undergone some degree of privatization, describes aspects of privatization for each function, and assesses the degree of privatization for each function.
Abstract: The author accepts Terrel Don Hutto's definition of privatization as the 'nongovernmental performance of a function.' Privatization is discussed for the following criminal justice functions: crime prevention; crime investigation; detection of criminals; accusation of criminals; the apprehension, diversion, detention, and protection of criminals; the prosecution, adjudication, and disposition of cases; and the retribution, incapacitation, intimidation, rehabilitation, and reintegration of convicts. Privatization is also discussed for the protection, restitution, socialization, and deterrence of the community, as well as the restoration and restitution of victims. Overall, the author concludes that the time has come to move from existing instances of privatization to its innovative use in every aspect of criminal justice, so as to provide a comparative measure of the cost effectiveness of various methods of performing criminal justice functions.
Index Term(s): Contract corrections services; Contract law enforcement; Privatization
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