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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98588 Find in a Library
Title: Restitution or Rebate - The Issue of Job Subsidies in Juvenile Restitution Projects
Author(s): W R Griffith
Corporate Author: Institute of Policy Analysis
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 39
Sponsoring Agency: Institute of Policy Analysis
Eugene, OR 97401
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 77-NI-99-0005; 79-NJ-AX-0009; 82-JS-AX-0025
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using individual-level data collected from 85 federally funded juvenile restitution projects, this study examines (1) differences in referrals to restitution projects that do and do not offer job subsidies, (2) factors in selecting youth for job subsidization, (3) effects of subsidies on restitution performance, and (4) the types of offenders who benefit most from employment subsidies.
Abstract: Juveniles referred to job subsidy projects tend to have larger monetary restitution orders, slightly higher levels of offense seriousness, more prior offenses, and lower household incomes than juveniles referred to nonsubsidized restitution projects. Referrals to nonsubsidy projects tend to be older, out of school, and nonwhite. Major factors in the subsidization decisions were offense seriousness (serious offenders tended to receive subsidies), age (younger offenders more often received subsidies), and size of the monetary order (large orders were subsidized more frequently than small). On the average, subsidies produced a 12-percent increase in the completion of restitution requirements without having a significant effect on the level of inprogram reoffending. Youth with a high probability of failing their restitution requirements tended to benefit the most from subsidies. These findings are only suggestive, because the data were not derived from a true experimental design. Additional research involving true experimental designs is required to make a definitive determination of the effect of job subsidies on the performance of youth in juvenile restitution programs. Tabular data and six references are provided.
Index Term(s): Funding sources; Juvenile restitution; Private sector-government cooperation; Youth employment
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