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NCJ Number: 98618 Find in a Library
Title: Community Supervision - Trends and Critical Issues
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:31  Issue:3  Dated:(July 1985)  Pages:339-347
Author(s): J Petersilia
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 9
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper introduces the critical problem currently facing community supervision -increased numbers of clients and decreased resources -- and outlines seven articles on the most pressing issues in community corrections.
Abstract: The author reports that while the national prison population increased by 48 percent over the past decade, the probation population grew by 63 percent. Growth in the number of inmates in 1983 slowed from 12 percent to 6 percent; whereas, the probation population had a recordbreaking 11-percent increase. The author advises, however, that neither public nor financial support for probation has accompanied the client increase. California is cited as an example of a State that has seen an increasing number of probationers while probation resources have decreased. This article predicts a continuing increase in the probationer population because of court 'caps' on prison populations and State financial conditions that preclude the building of new prisons. The article then summarizes seven papers that address critical issues in community corrections, including the reshaping of community corrections, deciding who receives probation and parole, granting felons parole, intensive supervision, and probation and parole classification practices. A graph displays changes in U.S. parole, probation, and prison populations for 1974-83, and two references are listed. For the seven papers, see NCJ 98619-25.
Index Term(s): California; Dangerousness; Intensive probation; New Jersey; Offender classification; Offender supervision; Parole supervision; Prison overcrowding; Probation; Probation or parole decisionmaking
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