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NCJ Number: 98641 Find in a Library
Title: Variation of the Spatial Patterns of Crime in Ajmer, India
Journal: Indian Journal of Criminology  Volume:13  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1985)  Pages:57-72
Author(s): A K Dutt; A G Noble; K K Sharma
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: The spatial distribution of 18 types of crime, reported to 5 police jurisdictional units (PJUs) between 1963 and 1970 in Ajmer, India, was investigated using mathematical techniques.
Abstract: Ajmer is a famous pilgrimmage center located at the periphery of a subculture-of-violence region in northwestern India. Analysis of data indicates that crimes varied geographically within the city. The overall highest crime rates were in PJU 1 and 2, comprising the city's old, centrally located, accessible, and crowded commercial area. Especially high rates of miscellaneous property cases, pickpocketing, and cycle thefts occurred in these areas. Burglaries, thefts, and robbery were more prevalent in PJUs 1, 2, and 3, the latter containing the largest number of affluent residents. Receiving stolen property was dominant in PJUs 4 and 5. Finally, death by poisoning was lowest in PJU 1 and highest in PJU 2, the latter being the site of manufacture or consumption of contaminated liquor, the major cause of such death. Overall, crime rate was highly correlated with average and maximum population density, total population, and number of nonworkers. There was a low correlation between crime and the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe population, although this finding may be a result of underreporting and/or lessened opportunity for crime. Thirty references are included.
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Crime Rate; Crime rate studies; Economic influences; Environmental influences; Families of inmates; India
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