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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98645 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Beyond Restraint - The Use of Body Belts, Special, Stripped and Padded Cells in Britain's Prisons
Corporate Author: Prison Reform Trust
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Prison Reform Trust
London , EC1V 0JR
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Prison Reform Trust
15 Northburgh Street
United Kingdom

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Provisions governing the use of restraints in Great Britain's prisons are presented together with statistics on the use of restraints in 1981 and 1982.
Abstract: Prison Rule 46 permits the use of restraints where necessary to prevent prisoners from injuring themselves or others, damaging property or creating a disturbance, for safe custody during removal, or on medical grounds. On medical grounds, loose canvas jackets were used 7 times in 1981 and 1982, while padded cells were used 95 and 80 times, respectively. A comparison of the use of restraints on nonmedical grounds in 1981 and 1982 indicates that use of body belts increased from 41 to 107, handcuffs from 9 to 16, ankle straps from 6 to 8, and special cells from 672 to 892. In both years, local prisons were the most frequent users of restraints on medical grounds, and there was a decrease in overall use of restraints from 1981 to 1982. In contrast, the use of restraints on nonmedical grounds increased substantially during this time. Local prisons, closed borstals, and other closed training prisons were the most frequent users of restraints for nonmedical reasons in both years. The use of restraints, predominantly for nonmedical reasons, is a gray area of prison life. Given the disturbing growth in their use, much closer monitoring is needed. Needed reforms include the abolishment of the body belt, the specification of standards for the use of stripped cells, and ammendment of Prison Rule 46 to exclude the use of restraints on prisoners deemed to be creating a disturbance. A list of Prison Reform Trust publications is appended.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections policies; Corrections statistics; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Inmate discipline; Inmate segregation
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