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NCJ Number: 98666 Find in a Library
Title: Primer on the Issues Confronting California's Juvenile Justice System
Author(s): P W Greenwood; A J Lipson
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This primer reviews California's current system for sentencing and treating serious juvenile offenders, and proposes sentencing, treatment, and administrative reforms in the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: In California, juveniles found guilty of committing a criminal offense by the juvenile court can receive dispositions ranging from 'home on probation' to commitment to the Youth Authority for an indeterminate term. In disposition, treatment needs are considered primary and community protection secondary. In practice, juveniles who have committed serious crimes usually are given longer terms of treatment and hence, confinement. Principal treatment forms are school, vocational training, and work experience. It is noted that treatment program designs are arbitrary and that the design of the California juvenile justice system errs in not basing disposition policy on the concepts of deserts, incapacitation, and deterrence. In a concluding section, the primer outlines sentencing reforms, including the development of prescriptive guidelines; presents illustrative juvenile sentencing guidelines; recommends treatment program reforms; and advocates the establishment of a continuing juvenile justice commission to develop guidelines, monitor program evaluation efforts, and propose reforms.
Index Term(s): California; Juvenile court judicial discretion; Juvenile rehabilitation; Juvenile sentencing; Sentencing guidelines; Sentencing reform
Note: Rand Paper Series.
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