skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 98705 Find in a Library
Title: Incentives for Terrorism (From Outthinking the Terrorist - an International Challenge - Proceedings, P 15-24, 1985 - See NCJ-98704)
Author(s): M Crenshaw
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Terrorism is examined in terms of the instrumental and organizational perspectives and the implications of each perspective for potential governmental responses to terrorism.
Abstract: The instrumental explanation regards violence as instrumental and intentional. Government and the terrorist organization are engaged in a typical adversarial relationship in which each tries to influence the other's behavior. The terrorist organization acts on its calculations of benefits and bases its actions on perceptions of incentives and opportunities for surprise attack. In contrast, the organizational process approach assumes that a political organization's main purpose is to maintain itself and that terrorist actions are outcomes of the organization's internal dynamics. Under this perspective, an individual may join the organization to belong or to acquire status rather than because of belief in the organization's ideology. The organization continues to commit terrorist acts regardless of the political results. Under the organizational analysis, the government's task is to encourage disintegration of the organization without provoking the terrorist group to desperation. Under the instrumental approach, the government has two alternatives: (1) defense and (2) deterrence through preemption and retaliation. A total of 21 reference notes are supplied.
Index Term(s): International terrorism; Organization studies; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorist profiles
Note: Available on microfiche as NCJ-98704.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.