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NCJ Number: 98740 Find in a Library
Title: Terrorist Target - The Diplomat, (Address Before the Conference on Terrorism Sponsored by the Instituto de Cuestiones Internacionales, Madrid, Spain, June 10, 1982) (From Terrorism, Political Violence and World Order, P 37-84, 1984, Henry H Han, ed. - See NCJ-98738)
Author(s): F H Perez
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: University Press of America
Lanham, MD 20706
Sale Source: University Press of America
Marketing Director
4720 Boston Way
Lanham, MD 20706
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Terrorists have increasingly targeted diplomats for assaults because of the symbolic value and psychological impact of such attacks; enhanced security measures and international cooperation are needed to deal with this threat.
Abstract: Attacks against diplomats appeal to terrorists because they evoke responses from the highest levels of the governments of the diplomat victim and the host country. Terrorist attacks on diplomats can undermine relations between the involved countries if the diplomat's country believes the host country is not providing adequate protection. Also, sponsorship of terrorist acts by one country against the diplomats of another can seriously disrupt normal diplomatic relations between those countries. The United States has intensified its efforts to increase the security of its personnel and facilities overseas by constructing perimeter defenses for diplomatic facilities, building secure safehavens to which staff can retreat in the event of an attack, improving access controls, and installing nonlethal entry denial systems. In addition to these security measures, nations must cooperate to deter and prevent the escalation of terrorist attacks. Cooperation should include a greater exchange of information on terrorists and their movements, tighter controls on the movement of weapons and explosives, and more efficient extradition procedures for accused terrorists. The international community must also develop a consensus that terrorist acts should be outlawed and that terrorists should be brought to justice. Further, host countries must provide protection for diplomats accredited to them. Five notes are provided.
Index Term(s): Diplomat security; International cooperation; International terrorism; Terrorist tactics
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