skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 98746 Find in a Library
Title: International Terrorism in Armed Conflict (From Terrorism, Political Violence and World Order, P 467-480, 1984, Henry H Han, ed. - See NCJ-98738)
Author(s): W A Solf
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: University Press of America
Lanham, MD 20706
Sale Source: University Press of America
Marketing Director
4720 Boston Way
Lanham, MD 20706
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper outlines the normative scope of conventional international law pertaining to prohibitions of terrorism in armed conflict and of the capabilities and limitations of the measures available to repress such terrorism.
Abstract: It first distinguishes the law of armed conflict from the multilateral treaties that address 'skyjacking' and other threats against civil aviation, attacks on diplomats and other internationally protected persons, and hostagetaking. In making this distinction, it notes that the multilateral treaties oblige participating states to either submit offenders to prosecution or to extradite them; none of the treaties, however (except the European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism) neutralize the political-offenses exception to extradition. On the other hand, the prohibitory norms of the law of armed conflict are indicated to focus sanctions on the parties to the armed conflict, whether they be states or qualified liberation movements, and parties to the armed conflict are expected to impose criminal and administrative sanctions against the military or civilian agents who commit proscribed terrorist acts in the context of armed conflict. The paper then turns to an explanation of the types of terrorism denounced by the law of armed conflict; types of terrorism are encompassed under direct attacks against civilians and violence or threats of violence against civilians under the control of a party to the conflict. The concluding section considers law pertaining to the extradition of persons who breach the law of armed conflict. Particular attention is given to the political-offenses exception to such extradition in U.S. legislation. The author's critique of this legislation includes recommendations for excluding specified acts from the political-offenses exception and for defining political offenses in the context of noninternational armed conflict. Thirty-six footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): International extradition; International law of war; International terrorism; Political offender nonextradition; Politically motivated violent crimes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.