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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98778 Find in a Library
Title: Arbitration or Court Litigation for Private International Dispute Resolution - The Lesser of Two Evils (From Resolving Disputes Through International Arbitration, P 224-234, 1984, Thomas E Carbonneau, ed. - See NCJ-98767)
Author(s): G T Yates
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: University Press of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Sale Source: University Press of Virginia
Box 3608
University Station
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper compares arbitration and court litigation in international dispute settlement on the measures of cost, speed, efficiency, forum, equity, legal principles, flexibility, and confidentiality.
Abstract: Arbitration can be made an appropriate international dispute settlement mechanism for private international disputes when arbitration agreements are carefully drafted. Arbitration is especially valuable in contract disputes between a private company located in a Western nation and a government agency or government-controlled company in a developing state as well as in the framework of East-West trade agreements. Parties to international contracts often favor arbitration because compared to litigation they believe it is inexpensive, rapid, informal, generative of consensus, and a means of minimizing or avoiding the need for lawyers. These advantages are partially attainable through the careful structuring of the arbitration agreement, but without the proper agreement they can prove illusory. If the advantages of arbitration are to be achieved, the drafter of an arbitration clause must be particularly aware of the role of law in arbitration. At its inception, arbitration depends on statutory approval; the arbitral award often must be converted into a judgment for enforcement purposes. Also, throughout the arbitration process, the law intervenes (a factor which a good draftsman of an arbitration agreement should bear in mind). The drafter of an arbitration agreement must also take into account the rules for contesting the validity of an arbitral award in the jurisdiction in which the dispute is heard. Generally, parties to an international contract should not opt for arbitration in the event of a dispute without careful consideration of the reasons for its ues and the thoughtful, precise drafting of the arbitration agreement. Twenty-four footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Arbitration rules; Commercial arbitration; Cost/Benefit Analysis; International dispute settlement; Lawsuits
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