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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98813 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Guilty But Mentally Ill Verdict - An Empirical Study
Corporate Author: National Ctr for State Courts
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 627
Sponsoring Agency: National Ctr for State Courts
Williamsburg, VA 23185-4147
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 83-IJ-CX-0042
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study, conducted in July 1985, examined the antecedents, legislative and judicial development, implementation, and consequences of guilty-but-mentally-ill (GBMI) laws in Alaska, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Utah.
Abstract: The study involved legislative analysis, a review of relevant social science research, and telephone interviews with 141 persons in the 12 States (legislators, attorneys, judges, mental health professionals, corrections personnel, and a criminal justice researcher). The 12 GBMI statutes differ in such fundamental areas as the standard for GBMI determinations, type of cases in which they apply, and administrative procedures. Since 1975, when Michigan enacted a GBMI statute, approximately 800 persons have been found GBMI. They tended to be young, white males convicted of serious crimes against persons. Most had previous contacts with the criminal justice and mental health systems. Most GBMI findings resulted from pleas and bench trials. GBMI offenders were given stiffer sentences than their guilty counterparts and did not receive better access to mental health treatment. They were imprisoned for longer periods than insanity acquittees involuntarily hospitalized. The GBMI option has not disturbed the frequency of the insanity defense. 52 tables and footnotes.
Main Term(s): Guilty but mentally ill
Index Term(s): Alaska; Delaware; Georgia (USA); Illinois; Indiana; Kentucky; Michigan; New Mexico; Pennsylvania; South Carolina; South Dakota; State laws; Utah
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