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NCJ Number: 98862 Find in a Library
Title: Emergency Entries to Arrest - Developments Since Payton (Part 1)
Journal: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin  Volume:54  Issue:6  Dated:(June 1985)  Pages:25-31
Author(s): M T Johnson
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Issues concerning the circumstances justifying a warrantless entry into premises by police to effect the arrest of a felony suspect are considered with reference to case law developments since the 1980 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Payton v. New York.
Abstract: In Payton, the court held that, absent consent or emergency circumstances, officers must obtain an arrest warrant to gain lawful entry to a suspect's residence. In Steagald v. United States, the Supreme Court addressed the issue of arrest of a suspect in a third party's home. It held that while an arrest warrant protected the suspect from unreasonable seizure, it did not protect the homeowner from unreasonable search and that a search warrant was necessary. The Court further concluded that exigent circumstances would excuse the need to obtain a search warrant when entry was necessary to accommodate legitimate law enforcement efforts. Numerous subsequent cases in the lower courts have addressed the question of what factors constitute exigent circumstances. Factors recurring in these decisions include: the gravity of the precipitating offense, the time between establishing probable cause and warrantless entry, destruction of evidence, likelihood of escape, danger to the safety of police and/or public, prior efforts to obtain a warrant (particularly the availability of telephonic warrants), and whether the exigency was created by the Government. A total of 48 footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Arrest procedures; Arrest warrants; Investigative powers; Judicial decisions; Legal privacy protection; Police legal limitations; Search and seizure; US Supreme Court decisions; Warrantless search
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