skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 98929 Find in a Library
Title: Controlling Prison Populations - An Assessment of Current Mechanisms
Author(s): R Mathias; D Steelman
Corporate Author: Prison Overcrowding Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 38
Sponsoring Agency: Edna McConnell Clark Foundation
New York, NY 10177
National Institute of Corrections
Washington, DC 20534
Prison Overcrowding Project
Philadelphia, PA 19102
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper describes and assesses the most promising mechanisms States have used to reduce prison overcrowding by shortening prison stays and decreasing the number of offenders imprisoned.
Abstract: Information on the various State mechanisms for reducing prison overcrowding was obtained from telephone interviews with key State officials from November 1981 through January 1982. The targeted States were selected from those identified in resource materials as having implemented the most promising mechanisms. Information is provided on each mechanism's development, legislative enactment, implementation, and assessment. Mechanisms that shorten the average prison stay are categorized as emergency mechanisms and those providing ongoing community reintegration. Emergency mechanisms include sentence rollbacks (Michigan), administrative good time (Illinois), judicial control of prison populations (Connecticut), and use of jails (Oklahoma). Ongoing community reintegration programs include re-entry furloughs (Connecticut), supervised custody (Delaware), supervised furlough (South Carolina), extended work release (South Carolina), and earned work credits (South Carolina). Programs characterized as facing community backlash are work furlough (Arizona) and early parole (Maryland). Sentencing guidelines (Minnesota) and postsentence diversion (Georgia and Virginia) are presented as mechanisms for reducing the number of offenders imprisoned. The authors consider the most promising mechanisms to be judicial authority to control prison populations, ongoing early release programs, the liberal use of good time and work credits, extended work release, sentencing guidelines, and presentence diversion.
Index Term(s): Connecticut; Delaware; Diversion programs; Georgia (USA); Good time allowance; Illinois; Michigan; Minnesota; Oklahoma; Parole; Prison overcrowding; Sentencing guidelines; South Carolina; Virginia; Work release
Note: Working Paper number 7.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.