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NCJ Number: 98945 Find in a Library
Title: Due Process and Fair Procedure (From Arbitration in Practice, P 68-78, 1984, Arnold M Zack, ed. - See NCJ-98940)
Author(s): R W Fleming
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: ILR Press
Ithaca, NY 14853
Sale Source: ILR Press
Cornell University
Box 1000
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents options for arbitrators confronted with cases that raise issues of due process and fairness for persons or parties affected by the arbitrator's decision.
Abstract: An arbitrator who has worked well with both parties in earlier proceedings might be requested to formalize an already agreed upon grievance decision because political factors preclude a prearbitration agreement. Under the circumstances, the arbitrator may refuse to hear the case, may accept the case with the reservation of a decision on its merits, or may agree to hold a hearing to formalize the predetermined agreement. The issue of due process and fairness may be raised when a 'surprise' is introduced into the proceedings. A 'surprise' occurs when a witness, not produced in the grievance hearing, is introduced at the arbitration hearing. Options are to exclude the witness, let the witness appear in the interest of factfinding, or recommit the case to grievance proceedings. Another type of 'surprise' occurs when the arbitrator finds what may be a crucial relevant clause in the contract which neither of the parties has used to bolster its case. The central issue is the fairness of a decision on a principle not developed by either of the parties. Options are to reconvene the hearing and consider the relevant clause, solicit input on the relevancy of the clause to their case, or make a decision based on the clause without conferring with the parties. The author reviews the pros and cons of the various options proposed for each type of case posed.
Index Term(s): Arbitration; Arbitrators; Hearings; Labor relations; Right to Due Process
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