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NCJ Number: 98948 Find in a Library
Title: Seniority Systems in Collective Bargaining (From Arbirtation in Practice, P 119-141, 1984, Arnold M Zack, ed. - See NCJ-98940)
Author(s): H T Edwards
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: ILR Press
Ithaca, NY 14853
Sale Source: ILR Press
Cornell University
Box 1000
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents some generalizations about employee seniority systems contained in private-sector collective bargaining agreements, identifies the basic applications of seniority likely to be considered in arbitration, and considers the factors influencing bargaining parties to choose one seniority approach over another.
Abstract: After presenting the pros and cons of instituting worker seniority systems, the author reviews various definitions of seniority. Descriptions of the principal applications of seniority focus on job security, benefit qualification, benefit amount, and seniority as a mitigating factor in discipline cases. An analysis of seniority issues in job-security arbitration cases addresses seniority as a criterion in decisions involving job security, variations of seniority usages in job-security cases, and special problems involving seniority and layoffs. A review of potential conflicts between seniority systems and principles of equal employment opportunity discusses the impact of Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the arbitrator's role in deciding cases that involve legal issues. The paper also considers the following miscellaneous issues involving the application of seniority in collective bargaining: filling job vacancies, granting greater seniority to union stewards and officers; and the continuation, interruption, or termination of seniority. The paper's concluding section presents a checklist of the issues that should be considered by parties negotiating a seniority provision in a labor contract.
Index Term(s): Affirmative action vs seniority; Arbitration; Employee dismissal; Labor relations; Personnel promotion
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