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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98971 Find in a Library
Title: Black Crime and Criminal Victimization (From Criminal Justice system and Blacks, P 37-49, 1984, Daniel Georges-Abeyie, ed. - See NCJ-98968)
Author(s): K D Harris
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd
New York, NY 10014
Sale Source: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd
435 Hudson Street
New York, NY 10014
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Following a comparison of black and white attitudes toward crime, statistics from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Crime Survey (NCS) are compared.
Abstract: In general, blacks and whites share similar attitudes toward fear of crime, leniency in sentencing, confidence in the courts, control of pornography and drugs, and gun ownership. Striking differences can be found in their perceptions of the acceptability of police use of physical force, gun control, teenage gangs, capital punishment, and satisfaction with law enforcement officials. These differences can be explained in terms of differences in the nature of the question, the residential context of the respondent, and cultural and value differences. Although these data suffer from many biases, both UCR and arrest data show a disproportionately high involvement of blacks in crime, especially violent crime. In contrast to UCR data, which include only crimes reported to police, NCS data examine victimization and unreported crimes. Analysis based on seriousness of victimization suggests that the strongest relationships are to age, sex, and race, with blacks suffering more serious victimization than whites. Blacks experienced more motor vehicle thefts and burglaries than whites, but larceny rates were similar for the groups. Finally, data show that a majority of all crimes are not reported. Theft crimes appeared to be reported at virtually the same rate for black and white households, while blacks reported a higher rate of violent crimes. Factors affecting reporting are complex, and include victim age, sex, and type of crime. Correlations (or their lack) between UCR and NCS data suggest that race/crime relationships are complex, and that the official picture of black crime is unrepresentative and too simplistic. Six data tables and four references are provided.
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Black/White Crime Comparisons; Crime patterns; Crime Statistics; Crime surveys; Crimes against persons; FBI Uniform Crime Reports; Property crimes; Public Opinion of Crime; Victimization
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