skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 98981 Find in a Library
Title: Racial Differences in Adjustment Patterns of Prison Inmates Prisonization, Conflict, Stress, and Control (From Criminal Justice System and Blacks, P 271-306, 1984, Daniel Georges-Abeyie, ed. - See NCJ-98981)
Author(s): L Goodstein; D L MacKenzie
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 36
Sponsoring Agency: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd
New York, NY 10014
Sale Source: Clark Boardman Company, Ltd
435 Hudson Street
New York, NY 10014
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Correctional institution adjustment was explored as a function of situational stress, conflict with other inmates, attitudes toward the institution (including staff and other inmates), and cultural/socioeconomic background in a sample of 1,618 (776 black and 1,842 white) inmates of 5 prisons.
Abstract: After attending an explanatory session, each inmate completed the study questionnaire. Comparison of attitudes showed that blacks were higher in radicalism and prisonization, while whites were higher in need for self-assertion and protection of their own interests in interactions with others. Blacks were more depressed than whites and reported more conflicts with prison guards, while whites reported more conflicts with other inmates. Even with age, prior convictions, and time served controlled, these findings held. Overall, blacks manifested significantly higher levels of prisonization than did their white counterparts. However, when the factors of education, prosocial commitment, and home city/town were controlled, ethnic differences in prisonization were no longer found. Moreover, the crucial variable was residence: Urban blacks and whites tended to be highly prisonized, rural blacks and whites less so. Finally, blacks appeared to be more highly predisposed than whites in their opposition to authority. Their degree of radicalism appeared to be unaltered by experience with the criminal justice system, while whites tended to become more radical and identify more with the inmate social system with increasing exposure to the system. Finally, regardless of experience with the criminal justice system and socioeconomic background, whites reported more control of events than did blacks, possibly reflecting discriminatory treatment of black inmates. Tabular data, notes, survey questions, and 66 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Adjustment to prison; Attitudes toward authority; Black/African Americans; Corrections research; Cultural influences; Inmate attitudes; Inmate personal security; Inmate staff relations; Prisonization; Rural urban comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.