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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98984 Find in a Library
Title: Public Interest on Crime and Punishment
Editor(s): N Glazer
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 278
Sponsoring Agency: University Press of America
Lanham, MD 20706
Sale Source: University Press of America
Marketing Director
4720 Boston Way
Lanham, MD 20706
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Thirteen articles address current issues in crime and public safety, including corrections effectiveness, deterrence effectiveness, legalized gambling, organized crime, drug addiction treatment, gun control, school crime, plea bargaining, and policing policy.
Abstract: The opening paper summarizes Robert Martinson's findings from a review of the effectiveness of various corrections programs in reducing recidivism. Another paper examines the rationale for using methadone maintenance to counter heroin addiction and the effectiveness of this treatment approach. Other papers dealing with corrections issues consider the effectiveness of punishment in deterring crime, current rationales for sentencing, and sentencing and corrections in England. Papers focusing on crime control address Japan's crime control policies, gun control in the United States, crime in American schools, subway graffiti in New York, and modern policing strategy. Two papers dealing with gambling examine the pros and cons of legalized gambling and the extent and pattern of organized crime's involvement in illegal gambling enterprises. Finally, a paper compares the modern American system of plea bargaining with the medieval European law of torture, as both are viewed as having arisen in response to a breakdown in the formal trial system. Some papers provide notes and data tables; the Martinson paper presents an 84-item bibliography.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections effectiveness; Crime control policies; Crime in schools; Deterrence effectiveness; England; Graffiti; Gun Control; Japan; Legal gambling; Methadone maintenance; Plea negotiations; Punishment
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