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NCJ Number: 99088 Find in a Library
Title: Quest for a Better System and Administration of Juvenile Justice (From Report for 1983 and Resource Material Series Number 25, P 49-80, 1984)
Author(s): J C Freeman
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: After examining trends in juvenile crime and the juvenile justice system in England, this paper considers alternatives to institutionalization for juveniles and the handling of serious juvenile offenders.
Abstract: The analysis of juvenile crime patterns in England in the 1980's includes gang offenses, female delinquency, urban delinquency, violent crimes, burglary, vehicular offenses, drug abuse, shoplifting, vandalism, and general theft offenses. A review of the etiology of juvenile delinquency encompasses factors pertaining to family environment, personality disorders, female emancipation, and urbanization. The discussion of the British juvenile justice system focuses on the tension between the justice model, which emphasizes the delivery of sanctions in accordance with crime severity, and the welfare model, which emphasizes individualized treatment. Problems are also noted in the development of uniform criteria for the use of discretion in diverting juveniles from court processing. England's commitment to and patterns of alternatives to custody for juveniles are considered as well, with particular attention to probation conditions and services. The discussion of the handling of serious juvenile offenders considers the juvenile court waiver, the criminalizing influence of institutionalization, and alternative ways of supervising serious juvenile offenders without endangering the public. Eighty-five notes and references are listed.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional institutions (juvenile); England; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile crime patterns; Serious juvenile offenders
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