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NCJ Number: 99089 Find in a Library
Title: Strategies of Diversion in European Juvenile Justice Systems (From Report for 1983 and Resource Material Series Number 25, P 81-93, 1984)
Author(s): G Kaiser
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: After an overview of trends in juvenile diversion programs in Europe, this paper notes distinctive characteristics of such programs in particular European countries and summarizes the advantages and criticisms of diversion programs.
Abstract: Over the last two decades, European countries have reduced the proportion of juvenile offenders undergoing formal juvenile justice processing due to the diversion of juvenile offenders who have committed petty crimes. Community service has been a major emphasis in these< diversion programs. On the other hand, there has been a recent trend toward greater punishment for specific types of juvenile offenders, particularly in England and France. Sweden emphasizes the individualized treatment of juveniles through dispositions by welfare boards, and Scotland has replaced juvenile courts with welfare committees composed of lay people. A major advantage of these diversion programs is the rapidity and informality of dispositions. They have been criticized, however, because of a general failure to evaluate their effectiveness or monitor their implementation. their effectiveness or monitor their implementation. Another claimed weakness is their emphasis on maintaining juveniles in their community surroundings even when they are debilitating. Inconsistency in criteria for diverting juveniles and inadequate due process procedures are other criticisms of diversion programs. Forty-three references are listed.
Index Term(s): England; Europe; Foreign juvenile justice systems; France; Germany; Juvenile court diversion; Netherlands; Scandinavia; Scotland
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