skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 99211 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Guidelines Without Force - An Evaluation of the Multijurisdictional Sentencing Guidelines Field Test
Author(s): D M Carrow; J D Feins; B N W Lee; L Olinger
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 313
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-0118; 82-IJ-CX-0029
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the methodology and results of an evaluation of the multijurisdictional, voluntary use of sentencing guidelines to reduce sentencing disparity in selected jurisdictions of Florida and Maryland.
Abstract: This research began in 1978 with a grant from the National Institute of Justice to the Mitre Corporation for the development of a plan for a multijurisdictional test of sentencing guidelines. The evaluation involved process, impact, and compliance analyses. The process analysis examined the manner in which sentencing guidelines were developed in each jurisdiction and the way they were used by judges and other system participants. Data collection for this analysis used interviews with system participants, a questionnaire survey, observation and documentation, and the examination of resource materials. The impact analysis assessed the effects of guidelines implementation on sentencing uniformity and severity. This analysis relied primarily on information about actual sentencing decisions for burglary cases, with data obtained from court records. The compliance analysis examined the evidence on procedural and substantive compliance with the guidelines in the test jurisdictions. Data were obtained from interviews with judges, analyses of guidelines score sheets, and an analysis of the burglary case data. Both States had considerable accomplishments in moving toward a guideline system, but sentencing disparity, with one exception in a large urban jurisdiction, was not reduced. Compliance fell well below expectations. These findings do not invalidate the effectiveness of sentencing guidelines, but rather provide information useful in the further evolution and refinement of guidelines theory and practice. Graphic and tabular data are provided. For the technical appendixes, see NCJ 99210.
Index Term(s): Florida; Maryland; Program evaluation; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing guidelines
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.