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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99256 Find in a Library
Title: Making Better Use of Victims and Witnesses (From Police Leadership in America, P 332-339, 1985, William A Geller, ed. - See NCJ-98325)
Author(s): W G Skogan
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Sale Source: Praeger Publishers
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Empirical studies indicate that victim-witness information is crucial in solving crimes; police can improve access to this information by involving patrol officers in investigations, increasing foot patrols, and conducting information campaigns on citizen cooperation with the police.
Abstract: The INSLAW 'supercops' study (Forst, Lucianovic, and Cox, 1977) found that the Washington, D.C., officers with the consistently highest number of felony arrests were attentive to gaining information from victims and witnesses and maintaining contact with them up through the trial. The National Crime Survey (NCS) has found that victims of personal crimes (characterized by confrontation with the offender) know a great deal about the offender; crime victims also reported the presence of witnesses in a significant percentage of personal crimes. Increasing police access to victim-witness crime information could be accomplished by giving patrol officers responding to the crime report a more significant role in the followup interviewing of victims and witnesses and using public information campaigns to encourage citizens to report crimes and provide crime information. Three notes are provided.
Index Term(s): Citizen crime reporting; Foot patrol; Investigative techniques; Public information; Victims of Crime; Witness assistance
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