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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99302 Find in a Library
Title: Treasure Trove Past, Present and Future - A Study of Criminal Legislation, Ancient, Modern, and Proposed, Affecting 'Antiquities', With Particular Reference to 'Treasure Hunters'
Author(s): G F Hardy
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This paper examines traditional and modern law relating to 'treasure trove' in Great Britain and considers proposed reforms aimed at enhancing the archeological preservation of the national heritage.
Abstract: Traditionally, treasure from the earth belonged to the Crown, and latter-day laws of forfeiture have their origin in this feudal principle. Although in Victorian times laws were modified to facilitate the protection of archeological finds, these changes protect only a small portion of the objects under the definitions of treasure trove. Current laws offering limited protection include the 1980 Ancient Monuments and Archeological Areas Act, the Criminal Damage Act of 1971, and the Theft Act of 1968. A bill currently under consideration would provide better protection for small antiquities discovered in the ground and elsewhere and extends the range of objects covered under treasure trove. However, this bill will increase considerably the police workload, and has broad, vague language which will constitute serious problems in enforcement. The paper suggests that a better approach to antiquities preservation would be to create a new, more comprehensive statute for the preservation of items of archeological interest. Appendixes include texts of current laws and directives about treasure hunting and the use of metal detectors, as well as the proposed antiquities bill. Also included are 17 notes and 16 references.
Index Term(s): Archeological preservation laws; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Law reform; Property crimes; Treasure hunting
Note: Police Staff College - 6th Junior Command Course, 1982
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