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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99323 Find in a Library
Title: Critical Issues in Criminal Investigation
Editor(s): M Palmiotto
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 96
Sponsoring Agency: Pilgrimage
Cincinnati, OH 45201
Sale Source: Pilgrimage
Division of Anderson Publishing
P.O. Box 1576
Cincinnati, OH 45201
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This anthology examines emerging issues, techniques, and research findings in the field of criminal investigation.
Abstract: The first paper examines ethical dilemmas facing investigators in such areas as entrapment, interrogation, courtroom deception, and narcotics law enforcement. Remedies to these dilemmas also are suggested. The second paper traces the historical development of crime pattern analysis, describes crime analysis functions, and illustrates the operation of three crime pattern analysis units. The third paper discusses descriptive, explanatory, and predictive methods of scientifc inquiry, examines the traditional investigative role, and argues for the utility of the predictive method in police investigations. The next paper examines the motives and motivations of the police informant and the elements of informal (traditional) and formal strategies for the management of confidential informants. Within the context of the Mincey v. Arizona decision, the fifth paper considers crime scene warrant requirements and voluntariness requirements in police interrogations. The next selection examines difficulties in interpreting evidence obtained through electronic surveillance and suggests the need for a reevaluation of the costs and benefits of this investigative technique. The seventh paper examines the incidence and characteristics of autoerotic deaths in Illinois and provides guidelines for differentiating such accidental deaths from suicides. The final contribution presents the findings of a study of judges' perceptions of police testimony and the impact of officers' courtroom preparation, appearance, and attitudes on their credibility as witnesses. Each selection provides notes and references. An index is included.
Index Term(s): Autoerotic deaths; Computer aided investigations; Crime patterns; Electronic surveillance; Ethics training; Informants; Interview and interrogation; Investigative techniques; Police policies and procedures; Police professionalism; Police role in criminal investigations; Professional conduct and ethics; Witness credibility
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