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NCJ Number: 99371 Find in a Library
Title: Restitution Outcome and Probationers' Assessments of Restitution - The Effects of Moral Development
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:12  Issue:3  Dated:(September 1985)  Pages:259-287
Author(s): P Van Voorhis
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 29
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports the impact of Kohlberg's moral development stages on probationers' receptivity to the intents of financial restitution.
Abstract: Effects of these perceptions and their interactions with moral development on restitution outcome also are presented. In-depth interviews furnished data needed to needed to diagnose moral development and construct ratings of offenders' perceptions. Compliance data were extracted from probation records and interviews with probation officers. Results suggest that low maturity offenders were more likely to identify with deterrent and instrumental intents; high maturity offenders oriented to reparative and rehabilitative intents. Among the offenders as a whole, adherence to notions of reparation and concern for the victim facilitated compliance, whereas perceptions of restitution as lenient and a good deal had adverse impacts. Orientations distinguishing low maturity successes from failures were dysfunctional ones (e.g., restitution is a good deal, lenient, or an inconvenience). An orientation to reparation distinguished high maturity success from failures. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Moral development; Probationers; Restitution programs; User evaluation
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