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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99481 Find in a Library
Title: Employment Services for Ex-Offenders Field Test - Summary Report
Author(s): R. H. Milkman
Corporate Author: Lazar Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 46
Sponsoring Agency: Lazar Institute
McLean, VA 22101
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 80-IJ-CX-K013
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: More than 2,000 recently released offenders took part in a field test designed to determine whether the provision of intensive followup after job placement would significantly increase the effectiveness of employment programs for ex-offenders.
Abstract: The test involved three ongoing and reputedly exemplary employment services programs located in Boston, San Diego, and Chicago. The experiment compared randomly assigned groups of ex-offenders who had been recently released from adult correctional facilities and who had committed mainly income-producing offenses. The experimental group received both comprehensive employment-related services like job counseling and placement assistance as well as special followup services for 6 months after placement. The control group received normal services only. Comparison groups consisting of program participants who did not receive job placements were also formed to assess the general value of employment services. The special followup services did not reduce the chances of long-term criminal recidivism. However, employment itself was a factor in decreasing recidivism, according to the results from Chicago. Older and married individuals had significantly lower recidivism rates, while past substance abusers and individuals with longer criminal histories had higher recidivism rates. Figures, tables, notes, and 87 references are included. (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Employment services; Ex-offender employment; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Services effectiveness
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