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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99492 Find in a Library
Title: Violent Juveniles and Proposed Changes in Juvenile Justice - A Case of Overkill? (From Juvenile Delinquency - A Justice Perspective, P 27-35, 1985, Ralph A Weisheit and Robert G Culbertson, eds. - See NCJ-99489)
Author(s): R L Schuster
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Waveland Press, Inc.
Long Grove, IL 60047
Sale Source: Waveland Press, Inc.
4180 IL Route 83
Suite 101
Long Grove, IL 60047
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of 811 youths, all individuals born in Franklin County, Ohio, between 1956 and 1958 who had at least 1 contact with the Columbus City Police for a violent offense, refutes the media-generated belief in widespread, serious juvenile violence.
Abstract: The cohort data were compiled from an examination of the records of the 50,875 persons meeting the birth criteria. The 811 youths arrested constituted 1.6 percent of the total age-eligible cohort and only 5.1 percent of all age-eligible delinquents in Franklin County. Most were arrested for minor violent acts, with only 27.2 percent arrested for serious violent offenses such as murder, rape, or aggravated assault. Only 21 youths were arrested 2 or more times for serious violent offenses during their juvenile careers. These truly violent individuals made up .04 percent of the age-eligible cohort and .1 percent of the estimated Franklin County delinquent cohort. The 811 youths were arrested a total of 3,373 times and were charged with 4,445 offenses. Violent offenses, however, made up only 29.2 percent of their arrest records. These findings indicate that the term violent delinquent or dangerous offender is subject to misuse. Many of these violent arrests were for minor events with little harm resulting, such as neighborhood fistfights. For others, a violent arrest was a small part of a wider range of delinquent activities. The research also suggests that the media may have distorted the extent and nature of the violence problem and that proposals to subject all youths arrested for violent offenses to the adult system could also impact petty and nonviolent offenders. Tables, footnotes, and one reference are included.
Index Term(s): Aggravated assault; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile offender statistics; Manslaughter; Media-crime relationships; Murder; Offender profiles; Ohio; Public Opinion of Juveniles; Rape; Robbery; Sexual assault; Violent juvenile offenders
Note: Reprinted from Juvenile and Family Court Journal, November 1982.
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