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NCJ Number: 99493 Find in a Library
Title: Nutritional and Ecological Approaches to the Reduction of Criminality, Delinquency and Violence (From Juvenile Delinquency - A Justice Perspective, P 39-52, 1985, Ralph A Weisheit and Robert G Culbertson, eds. - See NCJ-99489)
Author(s): B Rimland; G E Larson
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Waveland Press, Inc.
Long Grove, IL 60047
Sale Source: Waveland Press, Inc.
4180 IL Route 83
Suite 101
Long Grove, IL 60047
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper questions the psychosocial approaches to the rehabilitation of offenders and surveys studies which document the view that some crime is caused by biological brain misfunctions and thus is related to nutritional, ecological, and chemical factors.
Abstract: Several studies have shown that the excessive consumption of sugar and food additives can cause hyperactivity and aggression in children. Other researchers have found that the typical diet ingested by many American teenagers (which includes a high percentage of vitamin and mineral deficient and sugarand additive-laden junk foods) can lead to symptoms of beriberi such as increased irritability and aggressiveness. Excessive amounts of phosphate are also thought to cause brain misfunction. Research has also examined (1) smoking by pregnant women, which increases the risk of small birth size and prematurity and can result in impaired intellectual level; and (2) high levels of lead in the body, and other metals (mercury, cadmium, and copper) which may possibly be neurotoxic. Remedial techniques focus on specific diet changes. Approximately 50 references are supplied.
Index Term(s): Dietary influences on behavior; Hyperactive children; Juvenile delinquency factors; Prenatal biological influences; Toxic reactions
Note: Reprinted from Journal of Applied Nutrition, V 33, N 2 (1981).
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