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NCJ Number: 99502 Find in a Library
Title: Future of Juvenile Justice Policy and Research (From Juvenile Delinquency - A Justice Perspective, P 169-178, 1985, Ralph A Weisheit and Robert G Culbertson, eds. - See NCJ-99489)
Author(s): L E Ohlin
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Waveland Press, Inc.
Long Grove, IL 60047
Sale Source: Waveland Press, Inc.
4180 IL Route 83
Suite 101
Long Grove, IL 60047
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This review of trends in U.S. juvenile justice policy emphasizes that the rhetoric and scope of proposed programs often exceeds the resources available to implement changes called for by new policies, resulting in disillusionment, alienation, and abandonment of reforms.
Abstract: The Federal Government has played an increasingly dominant role in fostering policy directions during the past two decades. In 1961, the President's Committee on Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime adopted a comprehensive community development model which emphasized the creation of better opportunities in the worlds of work, school, family, recreation, and social services as a response to growing delinquency. The second major shift in national policy was spearheaded by presidential commissions that addressed crime and violence. In the juvenile area, this led to the strategies of decriminalization of status offenses, diversion programs, due process rights for juveniles, deinstitutionalization, diversification of services, and decentralization of control. The third major shift reflects a strong conservative reaction to liberal policies advocated by the national crime commission. This reaction is reflected in juvenile justice by increasing incarceration rates (even as juvenile crime declines), mandatory sentencing for juveniles, more waivers to adult courts, and greater access to juvenile records. In the future, several policy issues will require new perspectives and approaches: (1) the increasing isolation and alienation of youth; (2) the key role of local communities in crime prevention and control; (3) the allocation of Federal, State, and local resources; (4) the problems of employment and education that contribute to the alienation of youth; (5) fear of crime; and (6) the establishment of some mechanism by which a sustained attack on juvenile delinquency can be mounted. The article includes two footnotes.
Index Term(s): Federal juvenile programs; Future trends; Juvenile justice reform; Policy analysis
Note: Reprinted from Crime and Delinquency, V 29, N 3 (July 1983), P 463-472
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