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NCJ Number: 99541 Find in a Library
Title: Personality, Intelligence and Personal Space Among Violent and Non-Violent Delinquents
Journal: Personality and Individual Differences  Volume:6  Issue:6  Dated:(1985)  Pages:717-723
Author(s): L Eastwood
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 5
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: McGurk, Davis and Grehan (1981) have suggested that personality variables may have a moderating effect on the violence-personal space relationship originally reported by Kinzel (1970). Similarly, Wright (1974) has reported enhanced personal space in inmates classified as of low intelligence.
Abstract: The present study was undertaken in order to further investigate possible confounding effects of personality and intelligence differences on the relationship between aggressive behavior and spatial use. A direct approach stop-distance and a semi-blind measure of personal space were obtained for a group of violent young offenders and a non-violent control group. Verbal and Non-verbal Intelligence scores and personality scores were also collected. Analysis of variance scores were also collected. Analysis of variance showed no significant differences in personal space size between the violent and non-violent group on any one measure. However, a significant interaction effect was found between violence, P and Non-verbal Intelligence such that violent inmates exhibited augmented personal space in relation to non-violent inmates only in the cases of those scoring both low on Non-verbal Intelligence and high on P. These findings contradict earlier research reporting a difference in spatial use between violent and non-violent Ss. It is concluded that the lack of a standardized well-controlled technique for measuring personal space has resulted in ambiguous findings in this area of research. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Intelligence Quotient (IQ); Juvenile inmate misconduct; Juvenile psychological evaluation; Prison overcrowding; Space management
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