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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99544 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Children in Custody - A Report on the 1977 and 1979 Censuses on Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities, November 1985
Author(s): J J Stephan
Corporate Author: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 213
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report uses data from the 1977 and 1979 censuses of public and private juvenile custodial facilities to present a broad overview of trends in and statistics about these facilities and their residents, particularly as related to juvenile diversion and the provision of the least restrictive environment.
Abstract: Data reveal a pattern of continued growth in custodial facilities, staff, and expenditures, but a slowly diminishing resident population for the 1970's. Most of the population decline occurred among status offenders, particularly girls, indicating progress toward the goal of deinstitutionalization of nondelinquents. This decline was somewhat offset by an increase in the number of juveniles held as delinquents. Overall custody rates remained fairly level throughout, with an average rate of 247 per 100,000 age-relevant youth. Approximately 20 percent of juveniles in custody resided in short-term (preadjudication) facilities, with the remainder in long-term (postadjudication) residences. Rapid growth in group homes and community-oriented residences was a principal feature of the juvenile custody system during the period studied. Results suggest that trends are consistent with deinstitutionalization and least-restrictive environment goals. Appendixes provide extensive tabular data, methodological information, and a glossary.
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional institutions (juvenile); Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile Corrections/Detention statistics; Juvenile Corrections/Detention trends; Juvenile statistics; Status offender deinstitutionalization
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