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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99552 Find in a Library
Title: Probation and Parole in America
Author(s): H E Allen; E J Latessa; C W Eskridge; G F Vito
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 332
Sponsoring Agency: Free Press
New York, NY 10020
Sale Source: Free Press
Promotion Manager
Scholarly and Reference Division
1230 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10020
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This text reviews the origins of probation and parole, basic procedures, training and service delivery issues, and future trends.
Abstract: The text examines the historical development of parole as it became a uniquely American practice. It traces the development of probation from Judaic law through early English and European predecessors to its American implementation. The presentence investigation (its function, use, objectives, and role in sentencing hearings) is also covered. Separate chapters focus on granting and revoking both probation and parole; the parole and probation officers' roles in reference to supervision styles, the treatment-supervision dichotomy, education and training, standards, and roles of professional organizations; service delivery strategies (alternatives to individual casework, such as community resource management teams and contracting for services); and supervision planning and differentiated supervision levels. Recent statistics provide the basis for a review of the current use of paraprofessionals, ex-offenders, and volunteers. Final chapters survey the issue of effectiveness in terms of costs and outcomes and then identify political philosophy, costs, management issues, strategies, and tactics for increasing probation parole effectiveness in the next decade. Each chapter concludes with review questions, a list of key terms, references, and suggested readings. A glossary and an index are supplied.
Index Term(s): Corrections education; Criminal justice overview texts; Parole effectiveness; Probation or parole officers; Probation or parole services
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