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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99602 Find in a Library
Title: Rape - A Precurson of Change (From Life-Span Developmental Psychology, P 167-191, 1983, Edward J Callahan and Kathleen A McCluskey, eds.)
Author(s): L J Veronen; D G Kilpatrick
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 25
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Rape is discussed as a 'nonnormative' life event. The rape victim's experience and reactions to the rape are considered, as are models of rape victim services that promote positive changes.
Abstract: 'Nonnormative' life events are those that do not happen to everyone as a part of the normal developmental process. The rape's impact on the victim encompasses immediate concerns (whether to report the rape to the police and whom to tell about the rape) as well as intermediate and long-term concerns (safety, independence, family, trust, sex, and criminal justice processing). Using a longitudinal assessment of rape victim reactions and an evaluation of treatment efficacy for rape-induced fear and anxiety responses, the Sexual Assault Research Project (Charleston, S.C.) identified four models to explain how positive changes can be promoted in the rape victim. Major features of the following models are described: (1) life threat-life appreciation; (2) agency-, institution-, and system-mediated change; (3) rape as a consciousness-raising experience; and (4) rape as a challenge or test. Three notes and 14 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Rape; Sexual assault trauma; Sexual assault victims; Victim services
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