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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 99665 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Revealed Preference of the Criminal Justice System During a Period of Workload Shedding, Report 1 - Coping With Overcrowded Prisons
Author(s): T F Rich; S T Davis; R C Larson
Corporate Author: Public Systems Evaluation, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Public Systems Evaluation, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02139
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 82-IJ-CX-0044
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper describes the three major ways by which States cope with prison overcrowding: controls on intake, expansion of capacity, and use of techniques to move prisoners more quickly through the prison system.
Abstract: Study data came from official reports and statistics, newspaper clippings obtained from a national press clipping service, and telephone interviews with corrections officials. The study focused on State prisons and not on local correctional facilities. The two main types of intake controls were the use of sentencing guidelines, as exemplified by Minnesota's practice, and the use of alternatives to incarceration as practiced in Georgia. Methods of increasing prison capacity include the construction of additional prison space, the use of county jails to house inmates, provision of temporary housing, and renovation and conversion of existing buildings into prisons. Techniques for moving prisoners through the system more quickly are also termed release valves. They are illustrated by Michigan's sentence rollback law, the liberal use of good time as once used by Illinois, the use of discretion by the Georgia Parole Board, and Alabama's Supervised Intensive Restitution Program. A total of 70 footnotes are included.
Index Term(s): Alabama; Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional reform; Georgia (USA); Illinois; Minnesota; Prison overcrowding; Sentencing guidelines; State correctional facilities
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