skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 99751 Find in a Library
Title: Probation Officers' Search for Credibility - Ball Park Recommendations
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:31  Issue:4  Dated:(October 1985)  Pages:539-554
Author(s): J Rosecrance
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 16
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based upon fifteen years of experience as a probation officer and qualitative interviewing of court personnel, I present an ethnographic account of decision-making processes used by probation officers in preparing presentence recommendations.
Abstract: Frequently probation recommendations serve only to endorse prearranged judicial agreements. When actual decisions are required, the range of recommendations is generally encompassed within narrow parameters. Individual probation officers discern these informal parameters by responding to cues provided by (1) judges, (2) prosecuting attorneys, and (3) probation supervisors. When a recommendation seems likely to meet the approval of these three entities, it is deemed appropriate or 'in the ball park.' The anticipatory nature of the ball park phenomenon seriously questions traditional concepts that sentencing judges 'follow' probation recommendations. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Probation or parole decisionmaking; Probation or parole officers
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.