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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 142524     Find in a Library
  Title: Prosecuting Criminal Enterprises
  Document URL: PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): K Carlson ; P Finn
  Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
  Date Published: 1993
  Page Count: 12
  Annotation: This report examines how Federal criminal enterprise statutes have been applied.
  Abstract: Federal prosecutors can use two sets of statutes to dismantle criminal enterprises that function like businesses. The Continuing Criminal Enterprise (CCE) statute targets only drug traffickers who are responsible for long- term and elaborate conspiracies. The antiracketeering statute, which includes the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), targets offenders who work at the top levels of various kinds of criminal organizations. This report presents statistics and commentary on matters concluded by U.S. attorneys and cases terminated in U.S. district courts from mid-1987 to mid-1990. In 1990, 2 percent of Federal offenders were convicted of racketeering or CCE charges. CCE offenders constituted less than 1 percent of Federal drug offenders. Most racketeering convictions were based either on RICO (27 percent) or interstate travel in aid of racketeering (28 percent). The predicate offenses on which racketeering convictions were based were primarily gambling offenses (21 percent), drug offenses (23 percent), and threats and extortion (22 percent). Defendants in both racketeering and CCE cases were less likely than other Federal defendants to plead guilty but were as likely as others to be convicted. This report also provides data and commentary on case-disposition method and sentencing. Overall, the data show that the criminal enterprise statutes are producing convictions and substantial sentences for drug kingpins and other major offenders. 11 tables
  Main Term(s): Court statistics
  Index Term(s): Federal courts ; Prosecution ; Organized crime ; Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act ; Courts ; Continuing Criminal Enterprise Act
  Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America
  Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: From Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report for November 1993.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=142524

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