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NCJ Number: 163401 Find in a Library
Title: Change in the Conservative Personality Equals Change in the Offender With a Resultant Reduction in Recidivism
Journal: Journal of the Oklahoma Criminal Justice Research Consortium  Volume:2  Dated:(August 1995)  Pages:98-103
Author(s): M D Parsons; J G Parsons
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 6
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents the basis for a model that deals with certain offenders through an education effort designed to modify some of their negative characteristics, which include violence.
Abstract: Offenders have many of the characteristics of the conservative personality as defined by Adorno, Collins, Wilson, and Boshier. The characteristics of the conservative personality limit change necessary for rehabilitation. Until that personality is modified, it is difficult to reduce recidivism. Modification of the conservative personality through education and environment can lead to change in the offender's behavior. The model in this paper is based on the concept of a conservative/authoritarian personality as it is found in offenders. The concept of the authoritarian personality remains important as evidenced by coverage in current introductory psychology textbooks (Crooks and Stein, 1991; Dworetzky, 1991; Gleitman, 1991). Boshier states that "It appears that conservatism has pathological dimensions manifested in violence and distorted psycho-sexual development." This is supported by a study conducted by Walker, Rowe, and Quincey (1993) in which there was a direct correlation between authoritarianism and sexually aggressive behavior. An investigation done by Muehlenhard (1988) revealed that rape justification and aggression toward subordinate individuals was much higher in traditional (conservative personality) than nontraditional personalities. This paper postulates that the offender has a conservative personality and therefore manifests that violence. The proposed model is a systematic treatment strategy designed to enhance the ego, social, moral, and positive behavioral growth in a progressive, step-by-step fashion. It is based on the assumption that fully functioning, reasonably content, happy persons have a strong sense of identity and that their behavior and relationships are based upon relatively high levels of moral judgment. Suggestions are offered for future research. 33 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Offender profiles; Treatment offender matching
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=163401

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