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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 163921 Find in a Library
Title: Crime of Stalking: How Big Is the Problem?
Author(s): P Tjaden
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The nature and extent of stalking were evaluated in a telephone survey of 8,000 adult men and 8,000 adult women between November 1995 and May 1996.
Abstract: The telephone survey defined stalking in as conduct directed at individuals that involved repeated physical proximity, unwanted communication, threats, fear, or a combination of these elements. Findings indicated 8 percent of women and 2 percent of men were stalked at least once in their lives. Most respondents experienced only one stalking episode, and most were stalked by someone they knew. Women were significantly more likely than men to be stalked by a spouse or intimate partner. About 87 percent of stalkers were men, and men stalked both women and other men. Stalking victims reported being followed, being spied on, receiving letters and telephone calls, and having their property vandalized. Stalkers did not always make credible threats against victims; rather, they tended to cause fear and sometimes threatened to kill the victim's pet. On average, women were 28 years of age and men were 31 years of age when stalking began. There was a clear link between stalking and other emotionally and physically abusive behavior. Approximately 50 percent of victims reported stalking to the police, and 25 percent obtained restraining orders. Perpetrators were charged with various offenses, not just stalking, and 80 percent of restraining orders were violated. Victims said stalking stopped for several reasons, such as the assailant moved away and the relationship ended.
Main Term(s): Police
Index Term(s): Abused women; Abusing spouses; Female victims; Harassing telephone calls; Male survivors; Personal Security/Self Protection; Stalkers; Threat assessment; Victims of violent crime
Note: NIJ Research in Progress. 57 minutes
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