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NCJ Number: 169870 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Do Fair Procedures Matter? The Effect of Procedural Justice on Spouse Assault
Journal: Law and Society Review  Volume:31  Issue:1  Dated:(1997)  Pages:163-204
Author(s): R Paternoster; R Bachman; R Brame; L W Sherman
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0058
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In an analysis of the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment, the authors the perception of police procedural fairness by suspects arrested for spouse assault effectively inhibited subsequent violence.
Abstract: The analysis tested five hypotheses: (1) prevalence and frequency of subsequent spouse assault would be lower for those given a warning than for those arrested if arrested offenders perceived they were treated unfairly; (2) among persons arrested for spouse assault, those who perceived they were treated unfairly would be more likely to commit future spouse assault; (3) perceived procedural fairness of the arrest would be as important as outcome of the arrest; (4) procedural fairness would inhibit subsequent spouse assault under both favorable and unfavorable outcome conditions; and (5) effect of perceived procedural fairness on reoffending would not interact with a person's take in conformity. Data collected for the Milwaukee Domestic Violence Experiment between April 1987 and August 1988 were used in the analysis. About 91 percent of suspects in the experiment were male. The dependent variable was the number of spouse assault incidents reported to the Milwaukee domestic violence hotline for each individual suspect. Consistent with expectations, procedural justice suppressed subsequent violence, even in the face of adverse outcomes. When police officers acted in a procedurally fair manner when arresting spouse assault suspects, the rate of subsequent domestic violence was significantly lower than when they did not. Moreover, suspects who were arrested and perceived they were treated in a procedurally fair manner had subsequent spouse assault rates that were as low as those for suspects given more favorable outcomes (warned and then released without arrest). The suppression effect of procedural justice did not depend on personal characteristics of suspects. Appendixes contain additional information on the analysis procedures 69 references, 10 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Abusing spouses; Domestic assault arrest policies; Domestic assault prevention; Female victims; NIJ grant-related documents; Police policies and procedures; Recidivism; Recidivists; Victims of violent crime; Violence prevention; Violent crime statistics; Violent crimes; Violent men; Violent offenders; Wisconsin
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