skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 185998     Find in a Library
  Title: Police Use of Deadly Force: Research and Reform (From Criminal Justice System: Politics and Policies, Seventh Edition, P 134-149, 1998, George F. Cole and Marc G. Gertz, eds. -- See NCJ-185991)
  Author(s): James J. Fyfe
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 16
  Annotation: Police use of deadly force first became a major public issue in the 1960's when many urban riots were precipitated by police killings of citizens; since then, police departments have made significant reforms in their policies regarding the use of deadly force and the U.S. Supreme Court in Tennessee v. Garner voided the rule existing in about half the States that allowed the use of deadly force to apprehend unarmed, non-violent, fleeing felony suspects.
  Abstract: In the absence of legal and administrative controls on police use of deadly force, police shooting discretion was generally limited only by State criminal statutes or by case law defining justifiable homicide. These laws, however, had several inadequacies, and debates about the merits of fleeing felon laws came to an abrupt end in 1985 when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Tennessee v. Garner that Tennessee's statute violated fourth amendment guarantees against unreasonable seizure when applied against unarmed, non-dangerous, fleeing suspects. Because this case eliminated some of the arguments about the breadth of deadly force statutes but did not ameliorate a second a more general limitation of law in describing police shooting discretion, the author believes police departments should promulgate restrictive deadly force policies. Variables associated with why some police departments are more likely than others to use deadly force are considered, with environmental and internal organizational explanations offered. 43 references, 4 notes, and 2 tables
  Main Term(s): Police use of deadly force
  Index Term(s): Police discretion ; Police legal limitations ; State laws ; Police reform ; US Supreme Court decisions ; Police policies and procedures ; Justifiable homicide
  Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Ten Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
  Publisher URL: http://www.wadsworth.com/criminaljustice_d/ 
  Type: Collected Work
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: From James J. Fyfe, "Police Use of Deadly Force: Research and Reform," Justice Quarterly 5 (June 1988), pp. 165-166, 168-170, 171-174, 180-189, 199-205.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=185998

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.