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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 197972 Find in a Library
Title: Individual and Contextual Influences on Delinquency: The Role of the Single-Parent Family
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:30  Issue:6  Dated:November/December 2002  Pages:575-587
Author(s): Amy L. Anderson
Editor(s): Kent B. Joscelyn
Date Published: November 2002
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study attempted to determine whether there was an individual and aggregate-level relationship between family structure, specifically single-parent families, and delinquency.
Abstract: Both individual and aggregate-level theories suggest that family structure is an important factor related to delinquency. There is evidence that living in a single-parent family increases an adolescent’s risk for delinquency as compared with living in a two-parent family. This study advanced the research in the link between single-parent families and delinquency by exploring the theoretically important relationships through the use of a multilevel design to separate the effects. The data used to examine the individual and contextual effects of single-parent families on delinquency was a sample from the Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) evaluation. Data was used from 35 schools to determine the individual and school-level effects of single-parent families on delinquency. The results suggest independent effects for both living in a single-parent family and attending school where a higher proportion of adolescents live with only one parent. This shows that it matters how many single-parent families a student is exposed to, regardless of whether the student has one or two parents in the home. Future research is recommended. References
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Deviance; Home environment; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquent family relations; Juvenile delinquents; School influences on crime; Single parent families
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