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NCJ Number: 234091 Find in a Library
Title: Predictive Value of Criminal Background Checks: Do Age and Criminal History Affect Time to Redemption?
Journal: Criminology  Volume:49  Issue:1  Dated:February 2011  Pages:27-60
Author(s): Shawn D. Bushway; Paul Nieuwbeerta; Arjan Blokland
Date Published: February 2011
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Ctr
Albany, NY 12222
Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR)
1008 BH, Amsterdam,
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the use of criminal background checks.
Abstract: Criminal record checks are being used increasingly by decisionmakers to predict future unwanted behaviors. A central question these decisionmakers face is how much time it takes before offenders can be considered “redeemed” and resemble nonoffenders in terms of the probability of offending. Building on a small literature addressing this topic for youthful, first-time offenders, the current article asks whether this period differs across the age of last conviction and the total number of prior convictions. Using long-term longitudinal data on a Dutch conviction cohort, the authors found that young novice offenders were redeemed after approximately 10 years of remaining crime free. For older offenders, the redemption period is considerably shorter. Offenders with extensive criminal histories, however, either never resemble their nonconvicted counterparts or only do so after a crime-free period of more than 20 years. Practical and theoretical implications of these findings are discussed. (Published Abstract) Tables, figures, and references
Main Term(s): Barriers to ex-offender employment; Criminal histories
Index Term(s): Arrest records; Behavior patterns; Conviction rates; Netherlands; Recidivism
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